It is a known fact that there are millions of malware programs that are designed to threaten your IT environment every year. Amid these threats, slip-ups can put your company in an unwanted media spotlight, which can thereby spoil your revenues and get people fired. Here are some of the major things a computer security professional must know to fight the threats.
The Motive of Your Opponents
All attackers seem to have their own stories about their objectives and origin, and these are the two major factors that affect the things they do. The hackers mostly have serious motives which can be financial, cyberwarfare, hacktivists, resource theft and so on. Since every attack is not the same, it is important to understand the motive behind the attack – it is also important to solve it. The best way to find out the type of target presented by your network is to consider the ‘why’ along with everything you do. It can also offer clues for defeating your opponent.
Types of Malware
The three major types of malware are Trojan horse, computer virus and worm and a malware program is a combination of all. A computer virus is a malware program that hosts itself in other files, programs, and digital storage to multiply.
It is very essential to understand these basic categories of malware as it can help in parsing together the scenarios of how it got into your network when you find it.
Root Cause Exploits
IT professionals deal with thousands of malware programs and vulnerabilities of software every year and yet only 12 root cause exploits let each of those malware into a person’s environment. Stopping the root cause exploits helps you in stopping the problems of malware as well as hacking. The major types of root exploits include programming bug, human error, social engineering, misconfiguration, authentication attack, insider attack, physical attack, eavesdropping, third-party reliance issue, and data malformation.
Data Protection and Cryptography
Digital cryptography is the method of making a piece of information secure against accesses and modifications that are unauthorized. It is important for each IT security professional to learn the basics of cryptography which includes symmetric as well as asymmetric encryption, hashing, key distribution, and protection.